Earthquake had changed the history. It has been one of the unstoppable forces that can’t be even purely foretold by science. The hypothesis to forestall earthquake aren’t still effective. Earthquake had created a huge loss in human’s life as well as destroyed the country’s infrastructure that needed ages to recover. Earthquake are often cause by the rapture of geological faults, It is also caused by the several events like landslides, volcanic activity, nuclear test etc. There has been lots of campaign organize by different organization to indoctrinate people about the earthquake. Education helps a lot to make people aware about vulnerability of earthquake. Also it has been able to create a new concept in architectural design for make the building earthquake resistance All the earthquake are not dangerous. Roughly the earthquake over magnitude 7 or over is potentially marked as dangerous. Below are the lists of top 10 earthquakes in history.
10. Cascadia earthquake(1700)
Location: Pacific Ocean, USA and Canada | Date: January 26, 1700 | Magnetite: 8.7-9.2
Cascasdia earthquake occurred at 9: pm pacific standard time at the rate of 8.7 to 9.2 magnitudes. The book name “The Orphan Tsunami of 1700″ provides the evidence of the occurrence of earthquake. The timing had been determined through the Japanese records of a tsunami. The earthquake causes the tsunami that damaged the coastal villages. There is no precise data about the property damage and the human life loss in the earthquake.
9. Chile earthquake(2010)
Location: Chile earthquake | Date: November 25, 1833 | Magnetite: 8.8-9.2
Chile was stuck by earthquake on the coast of central child on Saturday 27, February 2010 at (06:34 UTC). It lasted for about 3 minutes and was of magnitude 8.8. The earthquake result a tsunami that struck several coastal town in south central Chile. The several military troop handle the different affected area. The causalities wasn’t that high. Around 9% of people became homeless, 525 people lost their lives, and 25 people were missing. The earthquake create the property damage around 15-20 million. It was the strongest earthquake that affected Chile after the Valdivia earthquake 1960. Several aftershock of different magnetite was affected after the earthquake.
8. Ecuador Colombia earthquake(1906)
Location: Sumatra, Indonesia| Date: November 25, 1833 | Magnetite: 8.8-9.2
Ecuador Colombia Earthquake occurred at 15:36 UTC on January 31 with a magnitude of 8.8. The earthquake result a destructive tsunami that caused around 500 causalities. The life damage is less due to the thin population. Around 500-1500 people have lost their life. However, there is no exact reliable data to reply on.
7. Sumatra earthquake(1833)
Location: Pacific Ocean, USA and Canada | Date: November 25, 1833 | Magnetite: 8.8-9.2
The Sumatra earthquake with a magnitude 8.8 -9.2 occurred on November 25 1833. The earthquake lasted for 5 minutes in Bengkulu and 3 minutes in Padang. There is no exact data of property damage and loss of life. However, tsunami had created devastating with southwest coast of Sumatra from pariamanto Bengkulu.
6. Africa Chile earthquake (1615)
Location: Arica Chile | Date: September 16, 1615 | Magnetite: 8.8
This was another devastating earthquake in the Chile Africa earthquake was on occurred on September 16, 1615. Over 1 to 5 million properties was destructed. It was the oldest earthquake ever recorded that occurred in 16th century.
5. Tōhoku Japan earthquake (2011)
Location: Tōhoku Japan | Date: 11 March 2011 | Magnetite: 9
Japan’s was stuck by earthquake off the coast of Honshu on March 11, 2011 (05:46:23 UTC) resulting one of the biggest earthquake in Japan itself. The earthquake result huge tsunami that result 15881 deaths, 6142 injured and 2668 people lost and missing. The huge amount of property was damage. The earthquake also brings the serious crises in Nepal where around 4.4 million household in northern eastern japan were left without electricity and 1.5 million without water. The tsunami caused nuclear accidents, primary the level 7 meltdowns. It was lasted up to 5 minutes. The earthquake resulted losses around $14.5 to $36.6 billion.
4. Kamchatka Russia earthquakes (1952)
Location: Kamchatka Russia | Date: November 4, 1952 | Magnetite: 9
The kamchakta’s earthquake was another destructive earthquake that occurred at 16:58 GMT (04:58 local time) on November 4, 1952. The earthquake was measured 8.2 magnitude However, it was revised to 9 Magnitude later years. The earthquake resulted huge property damage around 1 million USD, including several lives. The tsunami reached to Japan, Alaska, Chile and Newzealand. There were no any property damage and live lost in Japan. The tsunami waves reached height up to 1m in New Zealand, In Alaska the waves reached up to 1.4 meters.
3. Indian Ocean earthquake (2004)
Location: Indian Ocean, Sumatra, Indonesia | Date: December 26, 2004| Magnetite: 9.1
Indian Ocean Tsunami induced by the earthquake was another horror earthquake and tsunami that damage $10 billion property, 230,000 death from 14 countries, 500,00 injuries, 5 million lost their home. It occurred at 00:58:53 UTC on Sunday, 26 December 2004 in the Indian Ocean near the west coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. It was also the most scary and deadliest natural disaster ever recorded in the history. The earthquake and tsunami hit various countries, but Indonesia was the major victim, followed by Sirlanka, India and Thailand. IT was the longest earthquake occurred between 8.3 to 10 minutes.
2. Prince William Sound, Alaska (1964)
Location: Alaska, USA | Date: March 27, 1964 | Magnetite: 9.2
The great Alaska Earthquake occurred in Southeastern Alaska, March 27, 1964 at (03:36 3/28 UTC ). IT was the second largest earthquake ever recorded and the largest ever recorded in northern America. The earthquake struck large landslides and tsunami at different nearest location. The tsunami wave killed 199 people and cause approximately 300-400 million dollar properly damage only in Alaska. The death number is quite low compared to the earthquake magnitude due to low population density. The tsunami also generates the largest waves outside of Alaska that occurred along the pacific coasts of Canada. TI caused approximately 5 million dollar property damage in Canada.
1. Valdivia earthquake (1960)
Location: Valdivia, Chile | Date: May 22, 1960 | Magnetite: 9.5
Valdiva earthquake was the largest earthquake ever recorded by the instrument in the history. It was originating at coast of southern Chile on may 22 1960. The earthquake occurs at 7:11 PM, 100 miles off the cost of Chile, parallel to the city Valdivia. It was recorded as a magnitude of 9.5 by the United States geological survey, the largest earthquake ever recorded by instruments. The earthquake was occurred in the afternoon (19:11 GMT -14:11 local time). The earthquake create huge destruction: 1,655 killed, 3,000 injured, 2,000,000 homeless, and $550 million damage in southern Chile. The trembling earthquake caused tsunami that affect Japan, Hawaii, southern Chile , eastern New Zealand, Philippines, south east Australia. The tsunami caused 32 dead and missing in the Philippines and $500,000 damage to the west coast of the United States, 138 deaths and $50 million damage in Japan. The casualty and property damaged was in large number due to the tsunami caused by the earthquake occurred in several countries.
Final Conclusion: Earthquake has occurred several times in history. Some has changes the structure of the national forever. The biggest earthquake that occurred in past sometimes created strong attention to the national to follow different path to prevent it.