Top 10 greatest Scientists who changed the world

Right from the beginning of human settlement, a lot of people came up with ideas, philosophies,beliefs, experiments, research, redesigning of thoughts, and surveys to bring myths to reality. People contributed for science to study different aspects of nature to prosper mankind. These genius minds put a keen interest on every phenomenon right from when they were kids. The zeal, passion, dedication, hard work and the effort they put in their work helped them discover something new about the world we live in.

The world today dwells in the abode of scientific advancement in different sectors of medical science, engineering and technology because of these scientists. The present picture of the world that we see would not have transformed without the contribution of these great personalities. Great philosophers and masterminds that existed in the ancient Greek era to the present day scientists, we’ve seen inexplicable abilities that helped us define our existence and human life. Their names are engraved in the sands of time for their work in the welfare of mankind with different inventions that has made our modern lives easy. The following list commemorates 10 of the greatest scientists we’ve ever seen who changed the world.

10. Aristotle (384-322 BC)

scientist Aristotle Stone scientist

Student of Plato and a tutor to Alexander the Great, Aristotle was a genius Greek philosopher and scientist of the ancient age. Born on 384 BC Aristotle was a biologist, a zoologist, ethicist, a political scientist and the master of rhetoric and logic. He also gave theories in physics and meta physics. Aristotle gained knowledge in different fields with his expansive mind and prodigious writings. However, only a fraction of his writings are preserved at present. Aristotle made collections to the plant and animal specimens and classified them according to their characteristics which made an standard for future work. He further gave theories on the philosophy of science. Aristotle also elaborated and estimated the size of earth which Plato assumed to be globe. Aristotle explained the chain of life through his study in flora and fauna where it turned from simple to more complex.

9. Archimedes(287-212 BC)

Archimedes scientist

Regarded as the greatest mathematician ever, Archimedes developed profound and influential knowledge on mathematical physics and engineering that are widely used in machines as well as in constructions. Born on 287 BC, Archimedes is one of the finest scientist who broke through in both theories and practice. He introduced infinitesimals and laid the foundation for calculus. He gave descriptions on the first finite geometric progression, computed areas and volumes of sphere and parabolic segments. He also discovered the laws of lever, density, fluid equilibrium, buoyancy in different fields statics and hydrostatics. He is regarded as the prophet to the formal science that was started in Ancient Greece. “Give me a place to stand and I can move the whole world”, he said and we can still fill the impact of his generosity even today. All other scientists after him stand on his shoulders. Even though most of his work were burned in the museum of Alexandria, the remnants gave enough ideas for modern day science and technology.

8. Galileo(1564-1642 AD)

Galileo scientist

Born in Pisa, Italy in 1564, Galileo is called as the father of modern science because of his discoveries in astronomy and physics. He was sent to study medicine by his father, but he chose his career in science and mathematics and made the first telescope to observe stars and planets. He also discovered the law of pendulum as he watched a chandelier swing in the cathedral of Pisa. He also discovered that the surface of moon was not smooth but contained burrows and holes to what he called crater. He also discovered 4 revolving moons around Jupiter which are named after him. He proved what Copernicus said about sun being the center of the solar system. Galileo became blind in his old days and died in the year 1642.

7. Michael Faraday(1791-1867 AD)

Michael Faraday scientist

Born on 1791, British citizen Michael Faraday was a son of a blacksmith who had to leave school in the fourth grade.It started working as a bookbinder and taught himself to read and writer. He developed a fascination with science and particularly in electricity after he studied lot of serious academic works during his days. Faraday is specially known for his discoveries of electromagnetic inductions and rotations, field theory, dia-magnetization and the magneto-optical effect. This humble genius invented the electric motor and Faraday’s ring. Faraday’s inquisitive and curious nature made him take chemistry lectures and taught at the Royal Institution as a lecturer later when Humphry Davy retired. Faraday also published research papers optical deceptions, condensation of gases and isolation of benzene from gas oils. He also wrote books on ” Experimental Researches in Electricity” and the “Chemical history of the Candle”. Faraday died on 1867.

6. Thomas Alva Edison(1847-1931 AD)

Thomas Alva Edison scientist

“The Wizard of the Menlo Park” nicknamed Thomas Alva Edison was born in 1847. Excelled as both scientist and inventor, Edison patented a whopping total of 1,093 inventions in his life time. Most of the inventions that came from Edison are batteries, phonographs, cement, mining, telegraphs, lights and powers. He also improved the telephone made by Graham Bell and invented the kinetoscope that was used for viewing moving films. He was seen working almost more than 20 hours a day. Edison masterminded the digital voting system with his electro-graphic vote recorder for the legislative of the parliament. He also proposed ideas on preserving fruits by keeping it in vacuum. Edison pioneered the idea for storage batteries that was later used by Henry ford in his automobile. “Genius is one percent inspiration and 99 percent perspiration” is one of the most famous quote by this genius. He died in the year 1931.

5. Marie Curie(1867-1934 AD)

scientist Maria Curie scientist

Marie Curie holds record for the first female to be awarded with a Nobel Prize. Inventor and scientist Curie was born as the youngest of five children in the year 1867 in Warsaw, Poland. Marie Curie has always remained a source of inspiration and motivation for different female scientists because of her determination to work. She invented the first mobile X-ray machine which helped to check the injured soldiers in the battlefield. Radium is another great invention from her. Curie experimented different elements to check their radio activity and found thorium. She also invented the pitch-blend which was the source of radiation in a mixture more powerful than uranium or thorium. She is also called ” the mother of atom bomb” with her invention of the radio active materials. However, with all her brilliance, hard work and patience in careful experiments she performed, her own invention killed her because of radiation poisoning in 1934.

4. Louis Pasteur(1822-1895 AD)

scientist Louis Pasteur scientist

Louis Pasteur made astounding contributions in the field of science, technology and medicine. This genius was born on 1822 and spent his life working in chemistry and microbiology. Pasteur was the first ever scientist to study about fermentation in food elements that was caused by microbes. He also explained about biogenesis and proposed a theory named as the “Germ Theory”. He also created a process of toning and treating milk free from the damage causing microbes to what he called ” Pasteurization”. Pasteur is also regarded as the first man on earth to ever discover cure for puerperal fever and make the vaccines for rabies and anthrax. He also explained the asymmetry in various crystals on a molecular basis. His breadth of accomplishment and approaches in different fields of discoveries and inventions makes him a giant genius. He died in 1895.

3. Sir Issac Newton (1643-1727 AD)

scientist Sir Issac Newton scientist

Born on 1643 in Woolsthrope, England, Sir Issac Newton is best known for his law on gravitation. He was a poor student at school or at running the family estate. However, he loved making mechanical toys and models of windmills. Newton explained the theory of gravity and gravitation by inventing calculus as no other principles could explain it. The new revolution in mathematics, Calculus was derived from his binomial theorem to infinite series which accurately could measure the area inside the curve or rate of change of it.He also explained the theory on tides which occurred due to the gravitation pull from the sun, moon and earth. He also invented the reflecting telescope. Newtons laws can be found in different areas of mechanics, optics and chemistry. He was knighted with the title Sir by Queen Anne in 1705. Newton died at the age of 84, in 1727.


2. Albert Einstein (1879-1955 AD)

scientist Albert Einstein scientist

Born on 1879 in Ulm, Einstein is considered as one of the greatest revolutionary scientist the world has ever known. The “Man of Century”  has some spectacular works in physics which even makes him the father of modern physics for his contribution in developing the general theory of relativity. The world’s most famous equation E=mc2 on which the bomb is based comes from his theory. One of the greatest scientist of the 20th century, Einstein’s Special theory of relativity revolutionized physics which even challenged the scientists at CERN. Albert Einstein’s genius mind for the scientific advancement cause immeasurable change to the world. Together with his intellect, he was also a celebrity with his flirtatious behavior that could impress any women. This rare genius was awarded Nobel Prize in 1921 ” For his work on theortical physics, and for his discovery of the photoelectric effect”. Greatest physicist ever voted Einstein died on 1955 in Princeton.

1. Nikola Tesla (1856-1943 AD)

scientist Nikola Tesla scientist

This Serbian born scientist atop the list because of his immense knowledge in different fields of science and technology. Without a question, this 1856 born guy was a cool geek. He could speak 8 languages, recite a whole book completely just with one reading, make a device just by seeing it once and not writing down anything. A funny fact about him was that he was a celibate his whole life. Tesla had developed almost everything by himself and did not expose any of it which later was invented by other scientists in his time. Tesla had generated ac current before Edison knew about charges. Markoni who got noble prize for inventing radio used all the ideas of Tesla. X-rays by Roentgen, RADAR by Watson-watt were all devised by Nikola Tesla. There was almost nothing that Tesla did not do. First hydro electricity plant in Niagara falls, experiments with cryogenic engineering, transistors, radio wave recorder from outer space were all built by Tesla. Remote control, neon lightening, modern electric motor, earthquake machine are finest inventions from Tesla. He was a true genius. However, most of his ideas and inventions were either copied, stolen or taken by somebody else. Tesla made a way to charge a house with electric lightening for electricity purpose but did not share it thinking somebody else will take it. This incredible mind created revolution with his inventions. He was a future-thinker and his minds would run on any wavelengths. However, he died tragically in a hotel room and was found dead only after two days of his death in 1943.

Final Conclusion

The advancement of human civilization is possible just because of enormous contribution made by scientists throughout the coarse of time. They are one of the most influential people of today’s world. With practical advantages in engineering, medicine, and technology, they have helped us to grow better understanding about the world and different working phenomenon that governs us. Their way of shaping the modern day culture is completely unrivaled.

Naman is a digital marketer and a freelance blogger for hire who shares his knowledge about keyword research and SEO at

54 thoughts on “Top 10 greatest Scientists who changed the world”

  1. Top 10 greatest Scientists who changed the world

    Really ????
    You didn’t talk about any of the greatest Scientists in the Gold ages of the Islamic nation, they’re the greatest Scientists who invented the basics of every thing we see now starting from Hassan Ibn Alhaitem up to all the others.
    Advice : Read the history very well then write anything and give everyone’s rights.

    • Your scientific contributions to society have zero impact on the advancement of civilization when the tyranny of your fundamentalist islamic religion negates the fundamental rights of other human beings. Nobody listens to the savage no matter how intelligent he might be. How about you work on human rights for a couple thousand years to get that right first, and then we’ll talk about your scientific contributions.

      • A time when your country in the dark ages, it was the Muslims are the leaders of the world, Muslims Sciences has been translated into many languages, and your country scientists relied on Arabic Sciences in most theories.

          • I assume you’re refering to mathematics. Regarding that, India indeed had a lot of influence in muslim discoveries, but not 90% no: the Greek influence was enormous as mentioned by many muslim scientist. Also, some of the best Indian mathematicians were also inspired by the Greek science. The Islamic mathematics synthetized Indian numeral system and the Greek reasoning (the mathematical demonstration).

            It was very important, you can’t take that from them. By indeed, it’s hilarious to see a muslim claiming that Europeans copied everything from them while historically they are the ones that built their science in improving previous works from other civilisations: Greek (including Alexandrian science in Egypt), Indian, Persian, Babylonian…

        • We have never relied upon arabic sciences for anything you fucking retard. Don’t you have a wife to stone to death in the street because your uncle raped her? Idiotwagon.

          • Woah there, take a few deep breaths mate.

            There have always been information trades between all parts of the world and in many cases it’s hard to clearly tell who was first with what and so on. But there’s obviously several examples on where western civilisation have relied on the arabic world to move forward, just take our letters and numbers as an example who both origined in arabia.

          • Nope. You’re an idiot too, no deep breaths necessary. While the muslim scumbags are wiping their asses with their hands in the desert and killing eachother over religious differences, the rest of the world is curing diseases, traveling to space and building useful infrastructure for the rest of the nation. What are these muslim vermin doing? Raping babies and stoning women to death in the streets. Thanks, but I there’s NOTHING I need from these scumbags.

          • Hey asshole, dont let those misconceptions about arabs and muslims derail your mind. You europeans and americans are fuckin worse. Scumbag theives and robbers

      • First – the number 0 you used was invented in India

        The word “algebra” is derived from the Arabic word الجبر al-jabr, and this comes from the treatise written in the year 830 by the medieval Persian mathematician, Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī, whose Arabic title, Kitāb al-muḫtaṣar fī ḥisāb al-ğabr wa-l-muqābala, can be translated as The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing. The treatise provided for the systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations ( Wikipedia )

        Arabic numerals, also called Hindu–Arabic numerals or Hindu numerals, are the ten digits: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, based on the Hindu–Arabic numeral system, the most common system for the symbolic representation of numbers in the world today.( Wikipedia )

        It is sad that we speak about people of science and geniuses in such a disgraceful manner full of hate and anger. Science and scientists do not know any of such emotions.Regardless who they are or where they came from , they all contributed immensely to human civilisation.

        Savagery existed in all communities and across all religions and this what happens when bunch of people interpret religion to suit their needs ….

        We all know history very well and with couple of clicks on google and an open mind we can see the world in its true colour.

      • It really pains me when i read your comment and i must say what you spoke is absolute bullshit. The toothbrush was invented by Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) . Ibn Sina was a doctor who was the man behind the invention of hundreds of apparatus used in modern surgery. Al Khawarizmi was the one who developed Algebra without which, for your kind info, none or most of the inventions mentioned above would be impossible and many other important inventions that changed the world you name the rest. Not to mention the alphabets were a derivation from arabic and so were the greek letters alpha beta gamma etc. Speaking about human rights, let me bring it to your notice that women were considered a shame in pre-islamic arabia and were buried alive. Islam changed this and women are respected more in Islam as compared to your other religions. Saudi Arabia is the country with the least women rights violation. All these so called muslim terrorist are nothing but fakes fueled by America to defame Islam and its glory. It has been mentioned nowhere in the quran to convert people by force. These all are misconceptions created by the media and other conflict loving people. Shame on those people who liked your comment. May allah give you the power to see the truth and guide everyone on the straight part

        • “Speaking about human rights, let me bring it to your notice that women
          were considered a shame in pre-islamic arabia and were buried alive.
          Islam changed this and women are respected more in Islam as compared to
          your other religions.”

          You, sir, are absolutely 100% braindead and blind. To be an islamic woman is to be imprisoned in hell for the rest of your days on earth. Please remove yourself from the internet for your STAGGERING IGNORANCE. You make my physically ill. I can only hope and pray that some day this scourge will be wiped from the face of this planet. Forever.

    • The important arab (by writting) scientists I can think of (im sure there are more) were al khwarismi (very very VERY important mathematician that everyone in science should have heard of at some point), & ar-Razi (medicine). Al Basri’s work was derivative and not original. Still he was important for another reasons. In my opinion, his biggest contribution was not the work itself but rather the fact that he was trying to spearhead a movement towards the scientific method and that was very important at the time (and even today). People need to start thinking in terms of proof (evidence) and demonstration (testing) rather than personal opinion. Incidentally, all of these great minds questioned their own religion even though they were all spiritual (and believed in god/s). Khwarismi is an unknown because he was probably not Muslim originally though his books seem to have been translated as saying he was. The other two questioned their religion in many ways. Al Razi went so far as to call the prophets fake because he though god was smarter than assigning a few people so much power (I agree, no god could be so stupid).

    • Not Islamic or Muslim, but Arabic, and yes they contributed a lot to the worlds advancement, mainly in mathematics, language and astrology, it is important however to note that under Islam such forward thinkers have been suppressed or worse, think of what geniuses the world has been robbed off because of this.

      • That is a logical fallacy (bunch of baloney) saying that under Islam they were suppressed as the suppression is something of this age and has nothing to do with Islam because that would mean that these Muslims, who were closer to Islam than some idiots living in Saudi Arabia, would not be doing this in that time.

    • umm, yes there are many scientist who have contributed to global advancement, but i’m sorry to say u can categorize them on religion or race, it’s not just about one community but the entire human race, the mankind,,,,,science is to develop each and every individual without revolving around social diversity,,,,,we can’t divide science,not at least science on such aspects, and i’m sorry if u felt offended, or if i did hurt u’r religious sentiments

    • Dont’ bring politics here. Objectively, you wouldn’t be able to write on the internet without the scientists above, though many were forgotten (Lavoisier, Maxwell, Darwin etc….).

      Islam in the middle-age was proeminent in mathematics, but the discoveries in science itself more negligeable in comparison.

  2. Where is Charles Darwin? And Edison with all due respect wasn’t really a scientist! Marie Curie is only there to give a female presence, otherwise Ernest Rutherford was a more prominent scientist than she was.
    All in all a very weak list.

    • Dont’ forget Lavoisier (father of modern chemistry) and Maxwell (the Newton of the 19th century) which are objectively some of the very most important scientist of all time, amongst the first ten any time.

  3. not truth, you can`t say the top 10 greatest scientists you should say top 30 because there`s too many scientists are so great

  4. Disagree with me, fine. But this is my opinion on the list.

    1. Nikola Tesla
    2.Isaac Newton
    3.Albert Einstein
    4.Michael Faraday
    5.Max Planck
    6. Charles Darwin
    7.Louis Pateur
    8.Niels Bohr
    9.Marie Curie

    You can change everything on my list except Nikola Tesla stays at number 1. Yes, this author mention Marconi of stealing the radio from Tesla, but the author forgot that Thomas Edison did not invent the light bulb nor the phonograph. He shouldn’t even be on the list. Edison was a business man, not a scientist. Marconi was a scientist, yes, but only contributed. He never invented the radio. Everything that requires electricity was all made possible by Nikola Tesla.

  5. Tesla and Edison were more engineers than scientists. Aristotle was more of a philosopher than a scientist. Pasteur should maybe be a bit lower, as should Curie. Faraday should be a little bit higher. Perhaps some Arab scientists, and also I think either Maxwell, Bohr or Lavoisier should have been included.

  6. Untold innumerable selfless scientists discovered the realities of our world led by a great spirit undefinable by words of men. Madam Currie was really great. Some Others listed discovered nothing suffer self agrandesment

  7. Likely 90%+ of scientific discovery enabling our instrumentation and equipment from.the mines, mills, wells, refineries, designers, fabricators, engineering design manufacturing, leading us into a future halted by predatory law in the last decade is a story untold, a NOT ACADEMIC realm

  8. Einstein and Maxwell are both fraud.

    Time Travel is impossible. NASA lied about EM Drive and Solar Sail. LIGO lied about Detected Gravity Wave. Reality is a Computer Simulation is a lie. Global Warming is a lie. Flat Earth is a lie. BS top scientists are leading the world’s science.

    Do we deserve a Science Revolution?

    I Am In Fact Elon Musk / I Believe Reality May Be a Simulation / Ask Me A Question.

  9. Neither Edison nor Tesla were scientists. They changed the world, absolutely! The inventors of the Transistor and the internet should be on this list. Maybe Henry Ford and Edward Jenner. Limiting world-changing events to 10 is arbitrary and misleading.

  10. Tesla and Edison were certainly great but they were ENGINEERS not Scientists. In fact most of the “practical advancement” throughout history and especially the “Industrial Revolution” can be attributed to Engineers like; Isambard Kingdom Brunel..!

  11. What on earth is Tesla doing in first spot?! He shouldn’t even be in the top 10. He was a prolific inventor and scientist, but also horribly wrong on many issues, and is entirely a phenomenon of 21st century internet hypes.

    People like Max Planck or Charles Darwin would be ranked many times higher than Tesla.

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